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12 Fantastic Things to do in Erfurt Germany

For those travelers to Germany looking to expand their horizons beyond the major cities consider booking a day trip or overnight to Erfurt. This Central German town that was first mentioned in the history books in 742 by St. Boniface still retains a medieval air as it was one of the cities in Germany that remained intact post World War II.

This German town possesses the ambiance of a small town while having the cultural amenities commonly associated with a large city. Here one can walk around this town without jostling with the crowds typically found in larger cities.

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The Merchants' Bridge in Erfurt, Germany
Copyright Erfurt Tourismus / Barbara Neumann

Erfurt’s Small Town Charm and Big City Feel

Erfurt Map

Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the German state of Thuringia. It is located on the Gera river and is where Martin Luther studied and became a monk.

Erfurt is an easy day trip from Frankfurt or Berlin and is very centrally located for any Germany vacation. From Munich it’s best to plan for at least a one-night stay, so you have enough time to explore the town.

Above I’ve included travel time by car, but taking the train is very simple in Germany and a great option to move around Europe.

Best Things to do in Erfurt for One Perfect Day

1. Start your day with breakfast at Café Füchsen

This is a cozy little café located in a historic building in the Old Town next to Merchants’ Bridge. Relax with a cup of coffee as enjoy the greenery and the small river that winds around the city. In particular, check out their homemade cakes.

2. Take a Walking Tour of Erfurt

After breakfast, pick up an I-Guide from the Erfurt Tourism and Marketing Board. This I-Guide resembles an iPod and allows tourists to embark on a walking tour of Erfurt’s major attractions. Choose from an English or German version depending on your familiarity with the German language. So you don’t have to rush and return the item, check the I-Guide overnight at a cost of 10.00 €.

3. Visit Merchants’ Bridge (Krämerbrücke)

Now set out to explore the Merchants’ Bridge (Krämerbrücke), the longest series of inhabited buildings on any bridge in Europe. Originally 62 narrow buildings graced this bridge’s 120-meter length, but due to subsequent redevelopment, only 32 buildings remain.

Take your time strolling along the bridge taking in the myriad of boutiques, galleries, and cafés along the way. Be sure to photograph the series of locks found chained to the iron railings. These are left by lovers as a sign of their affection for each other

4. Visit St. Mary’s Cathedral

Cathedral of St. Mary and Church of St. Severus in Erfurt, Germany
Copyright Erfurt Tourismus / Barbara Neumann

Then head over to Cathedral Square and check out St. Mary’s Cathedral. This late Gothic Cathedral sits on the site of the church that was built for Bishop Boniface in 742 and houses the world’s largest medieval free-swinging bell.

5. Enjoy a Traditional German Bratwurst Lunch

German Bratwurst Lunch with beer

If you’re hungry and need a cheap snack, pick up an original Thuringian ”Bratwurst” at the small grill stall on Cathedral Square. Of course, a German beer along with the bratwurst is our suggestion!

6. Visit the Cathedral Square Market

Cathedral Square Market in Erfurt

Also, if you have the time, check out the other regional produce such as fruit and vegetables available in Cathedral Square’s daily market which is open until 2pm. This market, known as “Thüringer Allgemeine”, was founded over 160 years ago and serves as one of the reminders of this city’s history as a central hub for world trade.

7. Explore the Old Synagogue

Then check out the Old Synagogue, a site that serves as a reminder of Erfurt’s role as one of the most influential Jewish communities in medieval Germany. This synagogue is one of the very few preserved medieval synagogues in Europe that has been restored and reopened in 2009. Among the treasures on display here include about 6,000 works of goldsmiths from the 13th and 14th centuries.

8. Visit the Church of St Severus

Also, be sure to stop by the Church of St Severus. This five-naved early Gothic hall church is one of Erfurt’s most famous landmarks. In the 12th century, this church served as a collegiate church for the regular canons of St Augustine and reminds visitors of this city’s medieval past.

9. Tour of the Protestant Augustinian Monastery

Follow this visit with a tour of the Protestant Augustinian Monastery. This holy site built around 1300 housed its most famous Augustinian monk, the Reformation leader Martin Luther. This monastery is now used as a memorial to Luther.

For a truly unique experience, consider spending the night at this ecumenical conference center. Their guest accommodations have the distinct atmosphere of a historical cloister but are modernized enough that one can have a comfortable night’s stay.

Check Booking.com for rates and availability.

Petersberg Citadel in Erfurt Germany
Copyright Erfurt Tourismus / Barbara Neumann

10. Visit Petersberg Citadel

Take a fifteen-minute walk to the Petersberg Citadel, a unique ensemble illustrating European fortress architecture in 17th to 19th century with a Baroque core (1664 – 1704).

11. Enjoy a Delicious Dinner

After an extensive exploration of the city, it is time for dinner. Have an evening bite at the”Glashütte” which is directly located on the top of the Citadel. As you enjoy the meal, sit back and take in the sunset setting from the view of the Citadel.

12. End the Evening with a Cocktail

Conclude the evening at the Michaelisstraße, which is located in the old town just five minutes away from the monastery. One can find many opportunities to have a drink in the evening.

After a nightcap, return to the Augustinian monastery for a wonderful night’s sleep in the German town of Erfurt.

Fun Facts about Erfurt: 

  • This town situated in Central Germany is the largest city in Thuringia with a population of over 200,000.
  • St. Boniface first mentioned Erfurt in 742.
  • Erfurt has attracted newsworthy figures like Reformation icon Martin Luther, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Sebastian Bach, and Napoleon Bonaparte.

What & Where

Café Füchsen; Hütergasse 13, 99084, Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 64 41 448
Church of St. Severus; Domstufen 1 99084, Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 6 46 12 65
Erfurt Tourism and Marketing Board; Benediktsplatz 1, 99084 Erfurt, + 49 (0) 361 66 40 241
Glashütte Petersberg‘; Petersberg 11, 99084 Erfurt, + 49 (0) 361 60 15 09 4
Merchants‘ Bridge; 99084 Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 66 400
Old Synagogue; Waagegasse 8, 99084 Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 6 55 15 20
Petersberg Citadel; Petersberg 99084 Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 2281622
Protestant Augustinian Monastery; Augustinerstraße 10, 99084 Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 57 66 00
St. Mary’s Cathedral; Domstufen 1, 99084 Erfurt, +49 (0) 361 6 46 12 65
Town Hall; Fischmarkt 1, 99084 Erfurt. +49 (0) 361 65 50

For additional information about booking a trip to this town, log on to the Erfurt Tourism website.

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