The westernmost and northernmost state of Mexico, Baja California is a peninsula that extends 775 miles between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortez. Cities in Baja California include Mexicali, Ensenada, Tijuana, Rosarito, San Felipe, Cabo San Lucas and La Paz. The geography of Baja California consists of deserts and mountain ranges. The peninsula also has two prominent capes, several bays and a variety of islands. The territory once belonged to Spain, and preserved missions can still be found throughout the peninsula.

What to Do

Baja California is the ultimate destination for travelers who love the outdoors. With coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortez, Baja California is home to beautiful beaches and shorelines. With a warm, tropical climate year-round, visitors can see a variety of marine life from the coast, including fin, orca, blue, humpback and sperm whales. Baja California also offers prime real estate for a variety of water activities, such as scuba diving, surfing, kayaking, snorkeling and fishing. Northern Baja is home to several national parks for camping and hiking and for the more adventurous at heart; a trek through the cave systems of Central Baja is in order. While some caves require a guide to visit, these challenging climbs may reveal glimpses into the Prehistoric Age through mysterious paintings that adorn the cave walls. For those who like to relax with a round of 18 holes, Los Cabos is a world-renowned golf destination with more than a dozen courses.

Where to Stay

From basic hostels to high-end luxury resorts, Baja California boasts accommodations for every budget. Splurge on an all-inclusive resort, enjoy a few simple luxuries with a mid-range hotel or choose a family-owned casitas to keep from breaking the bank.

Getting There

Several major airports serve Baja California, including Cabo San Lucas and Los Cabos International Airports. Visitors can also fly to San Diego and drive across the border into Baja California.