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How to Prepare for Travel to India for the First Time

When I was preparing for my first trip to India, in a lot of ways I feel like I was traveling for the first time. It’s been a very long time since I’ve felt the need to do extensive research on a location.

I visited Delhi for several days and also went to the Madhya Pradesh Travel Mart. After that, I traveled to Bhopal, Orchha, Khajuraho, and Jhansi. Below is what I learned about preparing for my first trip to India. 

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Travel to India for the First Time

How to Prepare to Travel to India for the First Time

I spent a lot of time looking into what to pack, how hot it would be, what medicine to bring if I needed a Visa, the customs of the country, and who the current leader is of India. I also researched if I needed shots, if alcohol is allowed in India, and if so would I find wine available at restaurants. I also wondered if it was okay to have drinks with ice cubes.

Where is India and How Big is it?

Map India

India is a South Asian country with diverse terrain – from Himalayan peaks to the Indian Ocean coastline – and a history reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex and massive Jama Masjid mosque, plus Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges in Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga center and base for Himalayan trekking.

  • India is 1.269 million mi²
  • India Population: 1.339 billion (2017) and expected to be 1.354 billion in 2018
  • India covers about 1/3 of the United States but has more than three times more population. (The U.S. 325 million vs 1.3 billion in India)
  • India is about half the size of Europe with a population of 743 million, while India has a population of over 1.3 billion
  • India is home to 17.74%  of the world population, while The United States has 4.3% of the total world population.
  • Oh, and if you are curious, Ram Nath Kovind is the current President of India and has been in office since July 25, 2017.

Where to Do Your Research

I spent a lot of time in the India Travel Tips Facebook Group. I asked a lot of questions and received some great advice and tips. Each time a new question would pop up for me, I’d post it in the group.

What You Need For Travel to India


While this might sound obvious, I can’t tell you how many stories I’ve heard from travelers who didn’t have a valid Passport at the time of travel.

  • The biggest oversight is knowing your Passport must have at least 6 months to expire to travel to India (and most international locations).
  • The next is a traveler not realizing their passport might be expired at the time of travel.
  • The third is knowing you must have two blank pages available in your passport. When you begin planning your trip to India, take a look at your passport expiration date and make sure you have two blank pages available.


You need a Visa to travel to India from the United States, Canada, Europe and Australia (as well as many other countries). You can find a full list of countries required to have a Visa for entry to India. Check the rules for your country, but U.S. citizens who want to travel to India for tourist purposes, and who plan to stay no longer than 60 days, may apply for a visa electronically.

This is what I did. The system is fairly clunky and you’ll need to upload a photo and a copy of your Visa. The fee for my Visa was $75 and I received it within two days of applying. You can also use RushMyTravelVisa.com to apply for an India Visa. Their process is guaranteed in 24 hours. Both of these options will get you a visa quickly.



I asked several friends who have traveled to India what shots they got before traveling. I received answers from ‘no shots’ to ‘everything that was recommended’. I haven’t had travel shots in a long time, so I decided to head to a travel clinic to learn more about the most important shots I should get for travel to India. I visited Passport Health, which is the largest provider of travel medicine services in the United States. They provide travel consultations and travel vaccines.

When I arrived, they started the appointment with a consultation and provided with a 30+ page personalized binder of information about the different potential risks for sickness in India and detailed descriptions of the vaccine or medication options. The booklet also included general travel advice and information about India. I also learned about some medications to take to prevent stomach issues and diarrhea. My appointment was $65 plus the cost of the vaccines I chose to get.

Travel Medicines

I have to admit, I don’t usually pack much medicine when I travel. I normally travel with pro-biotic and autoimmune-boosting supplements, which tends to be enough for me.

Dealing with Diarrhea (The Leading Health Issue for International Travel)

Whenever I travel internationally, I bring grapefruit seed extract GSE. If my stomach starts to feel funny I put a few drops in filtered water and drink it. For my first trip to India, I decided to take it a step further based on a suggestion from the Passport Health Clinic and take a preventative supplement called Travelan. It is a dietary supplement high in antibodies that help prevent diarrhea. I will simply take one pill before each meal.

If you can’t find Travelan, a great backup supplement option for gut health that helps prevent diarrhea is Pure Velvet Capsules.

Travelan for traveler's diarrhea

Passport Health also told me about DiaResQ, which is a backup for my Travelan, and if I do end up with diarrhea. It’s specifically made for travel and is supposed to stop diarrhea with just two doses. I was told to take Imodium with the DiaResQ if I wasn’t able to stay in my hotel for it to kick in (for extra and immediate help). I bought Travelan and DiaResQ from Passport Health, but did a search when I got home and found them both on Amazon.

I also suggest bringing Oil of Oregano for Immune and Intestinal Support as well as upset stomach. Papaya enzymes are great for digestion and can be found at natural food stores or on Amazon. As careful as I was I still had some digestion distress.

Why I recommend Travelan:

Travelan is a dietary supplement high in antibodies that help prevent diarrhea. Simply take one pill before each meal. There is so much more peace of mind knowing you are helping to prevent diarrhea rather than trying to fix it if it happens!

  • My personal experience! It is NOT fun to be sick on vacation and Travelan worked for me traveling in India and Mexico.
  • Travelan reduces the risk of occasional diarrhea and helps to neutralize gastrointestinal issues before they begin.
  • Uniquely formulated to be high in antibodies that target bacteria such as Enterotoxigenic E.coli (ETEC), and can help support and maintain your gastrointestinal and digestive function and health.
  • Take one or two caplets of Travelan before each meal, and the anti-ETEC antibodies in the product lay in wait in the gastrointestinal tract. If you consume food or drinks that are contaminated with diarrhea-causing bacteria such as ETEC, Travelan antibodies will bind to these bacteria, neutralizing them and inhibiting their attachment to the intestinal wall.
  • Travelan is recommended to be taken in high-risk environments where food and water sanitation is uncertain, including popular holiday destinations like Mexico, Bali and India.

View on Amazon.com ➜

As a further precaution, you can also ask your doctor for a prescription for Azithromycin or Cipro to bring, which is for severe traveler’s diarrhea.

Additional Travel Medicine

Of course also bring medicines of your choice for sleep, pain, colds, and a travel first aid kit.


I’m visited in late October and was told to be ready for scorching sun during the day and pleasant to cooler nights. Visiting India requires protection from the sun year-round, so make sure to bring plenty of sunscreen. My favorite is Neutrogena Sunscreen, Broad Spectrum Spf 45.

Water Bottle (Purification Bottle)

Bad water is the #1 cause of dysentery, diarrhea and parasite infection in India and around the world, so be prepared when you visit India because the public water supply is not safe countrywide. I’m taking my Grayl water bottle with the international travel filter which removes pathogens (viruses, protozoa, bacteria) and filters particulates, heavy metals and chemicals. It’s simple to use; just fill the empty outer cup with water and then push the inner cup with filter down so water passes through as filtered clean water (think French press). The bottles are BPA-free plastic. You can buy the Grayl Water Filtration bottle on Amazon.

Related Aticle:  9 Safety Tips for Drinking Water in India

Plug Converter

I bought the Ceptics USA to India Travel Adapter Plug from Amazon. I got a 3-pack for $9.99. If you aren’t traveling from the United States, make sure the plug look like this:

Ceptics USA to India Travel Adapter Plug


It’s important to dress appropriately, which for women means to cover your shoulders, cleavage, and legs. Most of the year is warm or hot. I’m visiting in late October and have been advised to wear lightweight clothes. A pair of flip flops or sandals  and à pair of closed comfortable shoes are also a must. I’m bringing a pair of Mary Janes by Naturalizer and a pair of sandals by LifeStride.

When visiting temples, it is advised to wear pants or a skirt that covers the knee and bring something to cover your head such as a scarf. It’s also advised to wear shoes you can slip on and off.

Facemask or scarf?

I’ve been told the pollution can be quite bad. I had one person tell me to bring face masks because of the pollution and others tell me I’ll look like an alien wandering around India wearing a face mask. The majority of people have suggested bringing a scarf that I can place over my nose & mouth if needed (and especially when caught behind a bus in traffic).

T.P. and Sanitizer

This is a guess, but I think bringing tissues, hand wipes and a hand sanitizer is a must. I’m bringing Toilet Tissue To Go, hand wipes (I like Burt’s Bee’s Natural Wipes) and sanitzer spray (such as Dr. Bronner’s Organic Lavender Hand Sanitizer). I make my own hand sanitizer, but you can also find some good options on Amazon.

Related Aticle: Homemade Hand Sanitizer for Travel

Delhi, India Accommodations

My first stop in India is Delhi. My first searches were to find out if I should stay in Old Delhi or New Delhi. After learning I should stay in New Delhi, I began researching hotels and B&B’s. After extensive research, as there are a lot of hotels in New Delhi, I met Mariellen Ward; another travel blogger in the India Travel Tips Facebook group

Mariellen’s travel website, Breathe Dream Go, is dedicated to transformative travel with a focus on travel in India. Mariellen shared her favorite Home Stay location in Delhi; Prakash Kutir, where I will be staying during my time in Delhi. The remainder of my trip has been organized by the Madhya Pradesh Travel Mart.

General Rules for Eating and Drinking in India:

  • Don’t drink tap water.
  • Drink only bottled or filtered water.
  •  Always check to make sure top is still sealed on bottles of water
  • Feel free to eat anything from Haldiram’s, Bikaner, Evergreen
  • It’s safe to eat from clean street food stalls (look to see which stalls are popular with the locals and high turnover usually means fresher food).
  • You can eat anything from Delhi Haat.
  •  Don’t eat fruit that you can’t peel.
  • Don’t eat salads or cut fruits.
  • Some say to not eat anything cold (cooked foods are safer).
  • Don’t drink anything with ice cubes.

I’m so excited to visit India for the first time as well as experience my first homestay. If you have visited India and have additional tips or suggestions, please share in the comments below. I’ll be sharing my entire India experience when I return, so be on the lookout for more articles about my travel to India.


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  1. Good tips! Thanks Alexa 😀 India is high on my list and didn’t know you needed a Visa. That is certainly handy to know!

  2. Those are some very handy tips – the face mask one is a new one for me but i ca see how it would be helpful. I travelled to Rishakesh in a car with no AC and the amount of dust billowing in was brutal. On the positive side I didn’t get sick even once but really just ate cooked food. I noticed that it was NOT acceptable for a woman to sit alone and drink a beer. I caused a few scandals by ordering a beer and it wasn’t very pleasant.

  3. India is a country I fell in love with. I visited in 1988 and stayed for months. I was young and didn’t worry at all about the things you’ve been outlining. I did get sick – several times very sick. But overall, the experience of India was life-changing. I recommend India to people all the time. I’m not sure if I’d go so unprepared now though…

  4. Those tips are some great start for planning a journey to India! I was indeed told most of them when I first visited the country five years ago. I wish I could eat more fresh salads and fruit but it’s a precaution we must follow when in India. I remember I washed my teeth with tap water and had no issues though. 🙂

  5. I’m glad to get the links for medicine and vaccines especially. India must’ve been challenging. I’ll get there yet and will keep this reference. Thanks.

  6. I think I would feel the need to do all that research before going to India too. It’s awesome that you’ve put all of your resources together here for other travelers. I haven’t been to India yet, but will definitely look into all of these things before going.

  7. Even as an Indian, I find the tips very useful. Haldiram, Evergreen etc are very safe but there are huge number of others food stalls/restaurants in Delhi that are equally safe. So dont confine to two three only otherwise one is bound to miss variety that is on offer in every corner of the city.

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